Install npm Packages Without Sudo

Posted July 24, 2022 by Rohith ‐ 1 min read

npm installs packages locally within your projects by default. You can also install packages globally (e.g. npm install -g ) (useful for command-line apps). However the downside of this is that you need to be root (or use sudo) to be able to install globally.

Below are the steps to install packages globally for a given user in Linux or Mac

  1. Create a directory for global packages
mkdir "${HOME}/.npm-packages"
  1. Tell npm where to store globally installed packages
npm config set prefix "${HOME}/.npm-packages"
  1. Ensure npm will find installed binaries and man pages


# Preserve MANPATH if you already defined it somewhere in your config.
# Otherwise, fall back to `manpath` so we can inherit from `/etc/manpath`.
export MANPATH="${MANPATH-$(manpath)}:$NPM_PACKAGES/share/man"

If you’re using fish, add the following to ~/.config/fish/

set NPM_PACKAGES "$HOME/.npm-packages"



If you have erased your MANPATH by mistake, you can restore it by running set -Ux MANPATH (manpath -g) $MANPATH once. Do not put this command in your


If you are running macOS, the .bashrc file may not yet exist, and the terminal will be obtaining its environment parameters from another file, such as .profile or .bash_profile. These files also reside in the user’s home folder. In this case, simply adding the following line to them will instruct Terminal to also load the .bashrc file: source ~/.bashrc

Read more about startup files in linux

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