Python is an object-oriented programming language that has large enormous library support making the implementation of various programs and algorithms easy. Java is a high-level, object-oriented programming language which was originally developed by James Gosling at Sun Microsystems in 1995. Java has a syntax similar to C and C++ but with low-level difficulties.
Difference between Java and Python are stated below
|Python has less lines of code.
|Java has longer lines of code.
|Compare to JAVA, Python has lower number of Frameworks. Popular ones are DJango, Flask.
|Java has large number of Frameworks. Popular ones are Spring, Hibernate, etc.
|Syntax is easy to remember almost similar to human language.
|Syntax is complex as it throws error if you miss semicolon or curly braces.
|Less line no of code, Rapid deployment and dynamic typing.
|Self memory management, Robust, Platform independent
|Python is slower since it uses interpreter and also determines the data type at run time.
|Java is faster in speed as compared to python.
|Python’s database access layers are weaker than Java’s JDBC. This is why it rarely used in enterprises.
|(JDBC)Java Database Connectivity is most popular and widely used to connect with database.
|Machine Learning Libraries
|Weka, Mallet, Deeplearning4j, MOA
|Python has always had a presence in the agile space and has grown in popularity for many reasons, including the rise of the DevOps movement.
|Java enjoys more consistent refactoring support than Python thanks on one hand to its static type system which makes automated refactored more predictable and reliable, and on the other to the prevalence of IDEs in Java development .